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Ivanka Trump to help lead search for World Bank boss
伊万卡将帮助领导物色世行行长人选的工作

Ivanka Trump, the president’s daughter, will help lead the US search for a candidate to run the World Bank, but is not a contender for the position, the White House said on Monday. 

美国白宫周一表示,总统唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)的女儿伊万卡•特朗普(Ivanka Trump)将帮助领导美国物色世界银行(World Bank,简称:世行)行长人选的工作,而不是去竞争该职位。

In a statement, the White House said Steven Mnuchin, the Treasury secretary, and Mick Mulvaney, the White House chief of staff, had “asked Ms Trump to help manage the US nomination process as she’s worked closely with the World Bank’s leadership for the past two years”.

白宫在一份声明中表示,美国财政部长史蒂文•姆努钦(Steven Mnuchin)和白宫幕僚长米克•马尔瓦尼(Mick Mulvaney)已“请求特朗普女士协助管理美方的提名程序,原因是她过去两年曾与世行领导层密切合作”。

The statement from the White House follows a report on Friday in the Financial Times saying Ms Trump’s name had been floated in Washington as a possible candidate to replace Jim Yong Kim, who suddenly announced an early departure from the multilateral lender last week. The White House said reports that she was “under consideration” were false.

在白宫发表上述声明前,英国《金融时报》上周五的一篇报道称,上周世行行长金墉(Jim Yong Kim)突然宣布提前从这家多边贷款机构离职后,伊万卡的名字在华盛顿被抛了出来,作为可能接替金墉职务的候选人之一。白宫称,有关伊万卡是“被考虑”人选的报道是不实消息。

Ms Trump’s role in helping to pick the US nominee for the job will be controversial, given that she has little previous experience in development finance. But US officials on Monday touted Ms Trump’s qualifications, stressing her efforts to “empower women globally” through a women’s empowerment fund launched at the 2017 G20 summit in Hamburg and backed by the World Bank. Ms Trump has also been working with USAID, the American development agency, on a project to narrow the “digital gender divide” in developing countries. 

鉴于伊万卡在开发性金融方面几乎没有经验,她出面帮助遴选美方提名人选肯定会引起争议。但美国官员周一对伊万卡的资历大加吹捧,强调她通过一支在2017年20国集团(G20)汉堡峰会上发起并得到世行资助的女性赋权基金,努力“为全球女性赋权”。伊万卡近来还与美国的开发机构——国际开发署(USAID)合作,开展缩小发展中国家“数字性别鸿沟”的项目。

The prospect of a candidate picked by the Trump administration running the World Bank has raised concerns because of the US president’s scepticism of multilateralism.

由于特朗普对多边主义持怀疑态度,人们对由特朗普政府遴选世行行长候选人的前景感到担忧。

Trump administration officials have been critical of the World Bank’s lending to China and its work on the Belt and Road Initiative, Beijing’s infrastructure investment spree that affects many developing countries. Mr Trump’s pick for the World Bank could also seek to limit the multilateral lender’s financing of projects designed to tackle climate change.

特朗普政府官员一直对世行的对华贷款及其在“一带一路”倡议(BRI,北京方面主导的基础设施投资热潮,影响到许多发展中国家)方面的工作颇有微词。此外,特朗普挑选的世行行长可能还会试图限制世行为应对气候变化的项目提供的融资。

Although the relationship between the World Bank and the Trump administration has been frosty, the US did back a $13bn capital increase for the Washington-based institution last year, though it still has to be approved by Congress.

虽然世行和特朗普政府之间的关系一直很冷淡,但美国去年却支持为这家总部位于华盛顿的机构增资130亿美元,尽管该计划仍需得到美国国会批准。

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