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Donald Trump unveils plans to upgrade US missile defences
特朗普宣布升级美国导弹防御

Donald Trump has announced ambitious plans to expand and update US missile defence systems, in a bid to stay ahead of countries whose militaries the administration considers a threat.

唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)宣布了扩大和升级美国导弹防御系统的雄心勃勃的计划,力求对特朗普政府认为对美国构成军事威胁的一些国家保持领先。

The initiative comes as the US worries about Iran and North Korea’s ballistic missile capabilities, as well as technological advances made by the militaries of China and Russia.

此举出炉之际,美国对伊朗和朝鲜的弹道导弹能力,以及中国和俄罗斯军方取得的技术进步感到担忧。

Speaking at the Pentagon on Thursday, Mr Trump said “competitor regimes” were getting “bigger and stronger”, and that a new missile defence strategy would deter attacks from hostile states, including Iran.

特朗普周四在五角大楼发表讲话,称“竞争对手政权”正在变得“更大和更强”,而一项新的导弹防御战略将威慑包括伊朗在内的敌对国家,使其不敢发起攻击。

“Our goal is simple: to ensure we can detect and destroy any missile launched against us, anywhere, any time, any place,” Mr Trump said.

“我们的目标很简单:确保我们能够探测并摧毁在任何地方、任何时间向我方发射的任何导弹,”特朗普表示。

“We have some very bad players out there, and we’re a good player, but we can be far worse than anybody if need be,” he added.

“当前存在一些非常坏的玩家,我们是一个好玩家,但如果需要,我们可以比任何人都坏得多,”他补充道。

The Pentagon has said it wants to put sensors in space to track missile launches and has recommended new research into weapons that can shoot down missiles from space. High-energy lasers would also be a way to allow the US to destroy missiles, the report said.

五角大楼表示,它希望在太空中设置传感器以跟踪导弹发射,并建议对可以从太空击落导弹的武器进行新的研究。五角大楼报告称,高能激光器也将是美国摧毁导弹的一种方式。

Patrick Shanahan, acting secretary of defence, said an ambitious new expansion would protect against threats from “frustrated” competitors who were adding new and sophisticated missiles to their arsenal, as well as developing threats that were “harder to track, to see, to defeat”.

代理国防部长帕特里克•沙纳汉(Patrick Shanahan)表示,雄心勃勃的新扩张计划将保护美国,使其不受“沮丧的”竞争对手的威胁,这些竞争对手正向自己的武器库添加技术含量更高的新导弹,并开发“更难追踪、发现和挫败的”威胁。

Mr Trump’s plan echoes the “Star Wars” defence system touted by former US president Ronald Reagan, who sought to protect the US from intercontinental ballistic missiles during the cold war.

特朗普提出的计划呼应美国前总统罗纳德•里根(Ronald Reagan)当年吹嘘的“星球大战”(Star Wars)防御系统,后者试图在冷战期间保护美国免受洲际弹道导弹袭击。

Washington is engaged in a stand-off with Moscow over the critical cold war-era Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces treaty, which the Trump administration has threatened to tear up.

围绕冷战时期签署的至关重要的《中程导弹条约》(Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty),华盛顿方面目前与莫斯科陷入一场对峙。特朗普政府已威胁要撕毁该条约。

On Wednesday, the US met Russian representatives in Geneva and again demanded Russia destroy a disputed missile system that the US claims breaches the terms of the treaty.

周三,美方在日内瓦会晤了俄罗斯代表,再次要求俄罗斯摧毁一款有争议的导弹系统,称该系统违反了《中程导弹条约》的条款。

European governments have expressed fears that the dissolution of the INF treaty would lead to the continuation of the east-west missile arms race ended by the pact.

欧洲各国政府表示担心,《中程导弹条约》的瓦解将导致东、西方重启此前被其终结的导弹军备竞赛。

The Pentagon said the US would seek to work with allies — including European Nato countries, along with Israel, Japan, South Korea and Canada — to ensure that different national missile defence systems were “interoperable”.

五角大楼表示,美国将寻求与盟国——包括北约(NATO)欧洲成员国以及以色列、日本、韩国和加拿大——共同努力,确保各国的导弹防御系统“可互操作”。

US allies and partners would be “encouraged” to invest in their own air and missile defence systems, the report said, while the process for allies and partners to buy military technology from the US had already been made easier.

报告称,美国的盟国和合作伙伴将被“鼓励”投资于他们自己的防空和导弹防御系统,而盟国和伙伴国家向美国购买军事技术的过程已经变得更加容易。

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